نویسنده

استادیار دانشکده حقوق و علوم سیاسی، دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی

چکیده

پدیده پرشتاب جهانی شدن، سبب شده بسیاری از تصمیم‌گیری­ها، واکنش­ها و سنجش­ها در سطح جهانی و با توجه یا دخالت عوامل فرا ملی اتخاذ شوند و نوعی جهان‌شهر اخلاقی مبتنی بر حقوق بشر در کانون توجه باشد. در این پارادایم نوظهور، ناگزیر بازیگرانی متفاوت از دولت‌ها نیز در سطح بین‌المللی ایفای نقش می­کنند که در پی تحققِ جهت‌گیری‌های جدید هستند؛ اما آیا این روند به صورت غالب در عرصه بین‌المللی مورد پذیرش همگانی قرار گرفته است و یا ملاحظه­ای است که اگر بدان توجه شود، شایسته تلقی می­گردد؟ یا موجی است تحت الشعاع قدرت که به مثابه ابزاری در اختیار قدرتمندان قرار خواهد گرفت که جز تبعیض ثمری نخواهد داشت؟ 
در این نوشتار پاسخ به این پرسش­ها و نظایر آنها در پرتو مفهوم «شهروندی جهانی» هدفی است که پی گرفته می­شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات

عنوان مقاله [English]

Global Citizenship in Globalization of Human Rights

نویسنده [English]

  • Hossein Sharifi Tarazkouhi

Assistant Professor of Political Science and Law, Allameh Tabatabaei University

چکیده [English]

The accelerating phenomenon of globalization has caused many decisions, reactions and assessments to be adopted at the global level and with involvement of transnational factors and also caused a kind of ethical “nation-globe” which is created based on “human rights” notions defined by a set of common interests to be at the core of attention. In this emerging paradigm, certain actors different from governments, inevitably, play roles with various orientations at the international level.
However, are these procedures and trends, mostly accepted by everybody in the international area? Or it should be considered to become worthy of being considered? Whether it is a wave affected by power in the hands of the powerful forces and that will bear no fruit except discrimination?
The answers to these and some other questions will be discussed in this article in the light of “global citizenship” notion.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Global Citizenship
  • Internationalization
  • Normative Socialization
  • human rights

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