عنوان مقاله [English]
International and national documents consider family as the fundamental social institute and the natural base of growth and development of the personality of children. On the basis of this principle and according to the religious teachings and local traditions and customs, the positive laws consider family as a strong sanctuary. The governments are not much inclined to extend the field of their supervision to the inner perimeters of family. The judicial procedures too more or less follow the same pattern. On the other hand, the studies conducted in different parts of the world indicate that child abuse in the family occurs by the parents, legal custodians and the close relatives of the children and adolescents. Overemphasis on the sanctity of family and weak incentive of the families in interfering in the perimeters of family have landed the children and adolescents in an undesirable situation.
The present paper is an attempt to define violence against children and introduce its various kinds. Then attempts have been made to discuss the reasons for child abuse in the family. The principles of the convention on the child’s rights (CRC) for protection of the children against violence as well as Iranian laws have been taken into consideration in this study. Also the media, religion, and the social functions of the religious leaders and their role in campaign against domestic violence against children have been also discussed.