Document Type : Research Article


Mofid Chairman of Punjab State Human Rights Commission, India.


Islam claims that it is not a new religion founded by Mohammad (PBUH), but one which reaffirms the core tenets of belief in Oneness of God and individual human accountability in the Hereafter, that all true Messengers of Allah preached among all peoples of the world at all times, though the Shariah differed according to the space-time specific requirements. Mohammad, however, affirmed that he was the last Prophet and that Islam is the religion ordained by Allah for all mankind for all times to come, thus abrogating all previous religious creeds. In spite of such a claim of exclusive truth, the revelations received by Mohammad directed and assured him again and again that there could not be any compulsion in religion, as the Quran had made the right way distinct from the error, and it was for the individual to choose his creed in accordance with his reason and conscience.


- Abu Daud, Kitabul Hudood, Babul Hikam – as cited by Abu A’laMaudoodi in his articles on “Murtad ki Saza – Islami Qanoon Mein (Urdu)” published in the Tarjumanul Quran in 1942-43.
- General Comment 22 on the Right to Freedom of Thought, Conscience and Religion under Article 18 of the ICCPR, 1993 – CCPR/21/ Rev.1/Add. 4
- Maudoodi, Syed Abul A’la (1951). The Punishment of Apostates Under Islamic Law, Lahore: Markazi Maktaba Jamaat-e-Islami.
- Sinnar, Shirin (1999). “Reflictions on the Universality of Human Rights” in Human Rights Today, IOS, New Delhi.
- Universal Islamic Declaration of Human Rights, Islamic Council, London, 1981.