Document Type : Research Article

Author

Assistance Professor, Philosophy Dep., Mofid University, Qom, Iran

Abstract

Human rights are of the basis for the local and international laws and bestow legitimacy on states. Furthermore, a vast number of theories in the field of humanities are evaluated based on their approaches to human rights. Despite widespread assumption that “human rights” is a clear and commonly accepted concept, in this article I show the opacity of human rights both conceptually and extensionally. Also, I explain that, as long as “human rights” is not clarified, the whole discussions on human rights in the fields of law, economics, politics and so on will be in vain, and the clarification of “human rights” is possible only under philosophical examination of this notion.
Human rights are of the basis for the local and international laws and bestow legitimacy on states. Furthermore, a vast number of theories in the field of humanities are evaluated based on their approaches to human rights. Despite widespread assumption that “human rights” is a clear and commonly accepted concept, in this article I show the opacity of human rights both conceptually and extensionally.

Keywords

A) Books & Articles

- Cassin, R. (1968). “How the Charter on Human Rights Was Born,” The UNESCO Courier, 21st year, pp. 4-6.
- Glendon, Mary Ann. (1999). “Foundations of Human Rights: The Unfinished Business”, American Journal of Jurisprudence, Vol. 44, Iss. 1, Article 1, pp. 1-14.
- Pinghua, S. (2016). “Pengchun Chang’s Contributions to the Drafting of the UDHR”, Journal of Civil & Legal Sciences, Vol. 5, Iss. 5, p. 209.
- Twiss, S. B. (2009). “Confucianism and the Universal Declaration of
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