CV version May 2018
Dirk Voorhoof holds a Master Degree in Law (1979) and Communication Sciences (1980), and a PhD in Law (1990). He was a lawyer at the Brussels Bar (1990-1992), a Member of the Federal Commission for Access to Administrative Documents (1994-2005), of the Flemish Media Council (2005-2012), of the Flemish Regulator for the Media (2006-2016) and of the Executive Board of the European Centre for Press and Media Freedom (ECPMF), Leipzig (2015-2017). He lectured at Ghent University (1992-2016), in the Media Law Advocates Programme at the University of Oxford (2000-2007) and at Copenhagen University (2004-2017), teaching courses of Media Law, Copyright Law, Journalism & Ethics and European Media Law. He reports on developments regarding freedom of expression, media and journalism in Europe, including in Iris, legal newsletter of the European Audiovisual Observatory, Auteurs & Media and Mediaforum. He is a founding member of ECPMF, member of the Human Rights Centre at Ghent University, Legal Human Academy, of the CMPF Scientific Committee, European University Institute, Florence, of the Global FOE&I @Columbia experts network, Columbia University, New York, and he was member the Committee of Experts on Internet intermediaries (MSI-NET) of the Council of Europe in 2016 and 2017. He is the co-author of the free online e-book Freedom of Expression, the Media and Journalists: Case-law of the European Court of Human Rights (also available in French and German).
For more information see https://biblio.ugent.be/person/801000461819
ACADEMIC TITLE Em. prof.
- Freedom of Expression under the European Human Rights System
- Media Law in Belgium and Europe
- Hate Speech and Incitement to Discrimination
- Regulation of Audiovisual Media Services
- Media Policy
- Media and Human Rights
- Media and the Judiciary
- Media and Pluralism
- Media and Children
- Copyright and Freedom of Expression
- Media Ethics and Self-Regulation
- Freedom of Expression and Civil Society
- Access to Information
- Investigative journalism
- Freedom of Expression and Chilling Effect
SELECTED PUBLICATIONS (last 5 years)
1- I. HØEDT-RASMUSSEN and D. VOORHOOF, “Whistleblowing for sustainable democracy”, NQHR – Netherlands Quarterly of Human Rights, 2018, Vol.36 (I), 3-6
2- D. VOORHOOF, “Freedom of Expression versus Privacy and the Right to Reputation. How to Preserve Public Interest Journalism”, in Stijn SMET and Eva BREMS (eds.), When Human Rights Clash at the European Court of Human Rights. Conflict or Harmony? 2017, Oxford University Press, 148-170
3- D. VOORHOOF, “Investigative journalism, access to information, protection of sources and whistleblowers”, in Flutura Kusari and Andreas Lamm (ed.), Promoting dialogue between the European Court of Human Rights and the media freedom community. Freedom of expression and the role and case law of the European Court of Human Rights: developments and challenges, Proceedings of the ECPMFECtHR Conference 24 March 2017, Strasbourg, Conference e-book, Introduction, presentations and conclusions, ECPMF, Leipzig, 2017, 33-60, https://ecpmf.eu/files/ecpmf-ecthr_conference_e-book.pdf
4- D. VOORHOOF, “Legal opinion/expert report in the case of Rocio San Miguel Sosa and others v. Venezuela, case nr. 12.923, on request of the Inter-American Court on Human Rights, Resolution of 20 December 2016 issued by the President of the IACtHR, 2 February 2017, http://www.hrc.ugent.be/wp-content/uploads/2017/04/LegalOpinionVOORHOOF.pdf
5- D. VOORHOOF, “Recht op expressievrijheid en wobben door journalisten, ngo’s en bloggers”, Auteurs & Media 2016/3, 219-227.
6- E. LIEVENS and D. VOORHOOF, “Internetportalen niet aansprakelijk voor de verspreiding van beledigende – met niet ‘duidelijke onrechtmatige’ - commentaren van gebruikers”, Mediaforum 2016/7, 182-185
7- D. VOORHOOF, ““Hate speech”, radicalisering en het recht op expressievrijheid. Waarom artikel 17 EVRM (misbruikclausule) geen revival verdient”, Auteurs & Media 2016/1, 4-18.
8- D. VOORHOOF, “Freedom of Expression and the Right to Information : Implications for Copyright”, in C. GEIGER (ed.), Research Handbook on Human Rights and Intellectual Property, Edward Elgar Publ., Cheltenham – Northampton, 2015, 331-353.
9- D. VOORHOOF, “Copyright and the Right to Freedom of Expression and Information”, in J. CABAEY, V. DELFORGE, V. FOSSOUL and M. LAMBRECHT (eds.), 20 ans de nouveau droit d’auteur. 20 jaar nieuw auteursrecht, Limal, Anthemis, 2015, 221-242.
10- D. VOORHOOF, “Freedom of Journalistic Newsgathering, Access to Information and Protection of Whistle-blowers under Article 10 ECHR and the standards of the Council of Europe”, in Council of Europe, Journalism at Risk. Threats, challenges and perspectives, Council of Europe, Strasbourg, 2015, 105-143, and in A. KOLTAY (ed.), Comparative Perspectives on the Fundamental Freedom of Expression, Budapest, Wolters Kluwer, 2015, 297-330, accessible free online since March 2017 at https://rm.coe.int/CoERMPublicCommonSearchServices/DisplayDCTMContent?documentId=0900001680706afe
11- D. VOORHOOF, “Freedom of Expression, Media and Journalism under the European Human Rights System : Characteristics, Developments, and Challenges”, In : P. MOLNÁR (ed.), Free Speech and Censorship Around the Globe, Central European University Press, Budapest – New York, 2015, 59-104.
12- D. VOORHOOF and P. HUMBLET, “Human Rights and the Employment Relation. The Right to Freedom of Expression at Work”, in X., Proceedings of the International Conference on the European Convention on Human Rights and the Employment Relation, Actes du Colloque “La convention européenne des droits de l’homme et la relation de travail”, CNRS and Strasbourg University, 30-31 January 2014, 33 p. (e-publi), http://europa-cnrs.unistra.fr/fileadmin/upload/DUN/europe_en_mutation/Documents/e-publi/E-publi_CEDH_et_la_relation_au_travail_-_D_Voorhoof_P_Humblet_v0-1.pdf and http://europa-cnrs.unistra.fr/publications/les-e-publi/e-publi-des-unites/
13- D. VOORHOOF, “Freedom of Expression and Information and the Case Law of
the European Court of Human Rights and the Court of Justice of the EU. Overview and highlights 2014”, Conference Paper, Justice for Free Expression in 2014, A review of global freedom of expression jurisprudence in 2014, New York, Columbia University, 2015, 55 p., http://globalfreedomofexpression.columbia.edu/publications/freedom-of-expression-and-information-and-the-case-law-of-the-european-court-of-human-rights-and-the-court-of-justice-of-the-eu/
14- D. VOORHOOF, “The European Convention on Human Rights: The Right to Freedom of Expression and Information restricted by Duties and Responsibilities in a Democratic Society”, In: Human Rights, Center for Human Rights Studies, Mofid University, Iran, Vol. 7 – nr. 2, Winter 2013 (published July 2015), 41 p.
15- D. VOORHOOF, “The right to freedom of expression and information under the European Human Rights system : towards a more transparent democratic society”, EUI Working paper, EUI RSCAS 2014/12 – Centre for Media Pluralism and Media Freedom (CMPF), February 2014, European University Institute, Florence Italy, 22 p.
16- D. VOORHOOF and P. HUMBLET, “The Right to Freedom of Expression in the Workplace under Article 10 ECHR” in F. DORSSEMONT, K. LÖRCHER and I. SCHÖMANN (eds.), The European Convention of Human Rights and the Employment Relation, Hart Publishing, Oxford, 2013, 237-286.
17- P. VALCKE, D. VOORHOOF and E. LIEVENS, “Independent Media Regulators: Condition sine qua non for Freedom of Expression?” in : W. SCHULZ, P. VALCKE and K. IRION (eds.), The Independence of the Media and its Regulatory Agencies : Shedding new light on formal and actual independence against the national context, ECREA Book Series, Bristol, Intellect Books, 2014, 400 p., 55-82.
18- D. VOORHOOF and R. O’ FATHAIGH, “Belpietro v. Italy: Does Parliamentary Immunity Extend to the Press?”, European Human Rights Cases, 2013, Vol. 14, No. 12, 2816-2828. Available at SSRN
19- Ó FATHAIGH and D. VOORHOOF, “The European Court of Human Rights, Media Freedom and Democracy” in M. PRICE, S. VERHULST and L. MORGAN (eds.), Routledge Handbook of Media Law, New York, Routledge, 2013, 107-124.
D. VOORHOOF et al. and T. Mc GONAGLE (Ed. Sup.), Freedom of Expression, the Media and Journalists. Case-law of the European Court of Human Right, IRIS-Themes, Vol. III, European Audiovisual Observatory, Strasbourg 2017/2018, e-book
D. VOORHOOF (ed.), European Media Law, Collection of Materials 2015-2016, Herentals, Knops Publishing, 2016, 288 p., www.mijnwetboek.be
E. LIEVENS and D. VOORHOOF (eds.), European Media Law, Collection of Materials 2017-2017, Gent, Knops Publishing, 2017, 285 p
D. VOORHOOF and P. VALCKE, Handboek Mediarecht, Larcier, Brussels, 2014, 758 p., http://uitgeverijlarcier.larciergroup.com/titres/132224_1/handboek-mediarecht.html
SELECTED BLOGS (last 5 years):
Copyright vs. Freedom of Expression, ECHR Blog 22 January 2013 (with Inger HØEDT-RASMUSSEN)
ECtHR: Copyright vs. Freedom of Expression II (The Pirate Bay), Kluwer Copyright Blog 20 March 2013 (with Inger HØEDT-RASMUSSEN)
Article 10 of the Convention includes the right of access to data held by intelligence agency, Strasbourg Observers Blog 8 July 2013
Newspaper Editor Criminally Liable for Senator’s Op-Ed, But Prison Sentence Violated Article 10 - Belpietro v. Italy, Strasbourg Observers Blog 7 October 2013 (with Ronan O’ FATHAIGH)
Qualification of news portal as publisher of users’ comment may have far-reaching consequences for online freedom of expression- Delfi AS v. Estonia
Strasbourg Observers Blog 25 October 2013
The press and NGOs’ right of access to official documents under strict scrutiny of the European Court of Human Rights, Strasbourg Observers Blog 3 December 2013 (with Ronan O’ FATHAIGH)
Criminal conviction for denying the existence of the Armenian “genocide” violates freedom of expression, ECHR Blog 7 January 2014
Anti-Semitism and Freedom of Expression : A balance must be struck, On Inforrm’s Blog 28 January 2014 (with Hugh TOMLINSON)
Finnish journalist’s arrest, detention, prosecution and conviction for disobeying a police order during a demonstration does not violate Article 10, Strasbourg Observers Blog 24 March 2014
German Court Injunction Banning Political Leaflet Violated Article 10:
Brosa v. Germany, Strasbourg Observers Blog 21 May 2014 (with Ronan O’ FATHAIGH)
Case Law, Strasbourg: Erdoğan v Turkey, Criticising judges and the importance of academic freedom, Inforrm’s Blog, The International Forum for Responsible Media Blog, 30 May 2014 (with Hugh TOMLINSON),
Iceland case: Conviction of journalist for reporting about sex abuses in a Christian rehabilitation centre violated Article 10 ECHR, Strasbourg Observers 12 November 2014 (with Flutura KUSARI)
Whistleblower protection for journalist who alarmed public opinion about censorship on TV, Strasbourg Observers Blog 25 November 2014
A great victory for the whole legal profession”, Strasbourg Observers Blog 6 May 2015 (with Inger HØEDT-RASMUSSEN)
Delfi AS v. Estonia: Grand Chamber confirms liability of online news portal for offensive comments posted by its readers, Strasbourg Observers Blog 18 June 2015
ECtHR accepts strict application of data protection law and narrow interpretation of journalistic activity in Finland, Strasbourg Observers Blog 12 August 2015
Criminal conviction for denying the Armenian genocide in breach with freedom of expression, Grand Chamber confirms, Strasbourg Observers Blog 19 October 2015
Journalist must comply with police order to disperse while covering demonstration, Strasbourg Observers Blog 26 October 2015,
Grand Chamber challenges male-oriented view on keeping silence over mistress and lovechild in pivotal privacy case, Strasbourg Observers Blog 12 November 2015
ECtHR confirms and tempers Delfi judgment: operators of Internet portals not liable for dissemination of offending - but not “clearly unlawful” - user comments, ECHR Blog 15 February 2016 (with Eva LIEVENS)
The Grand Chamber strikes again: Bédat v. Switzerland.
Criminal conviction of journalist for having published documents covered by investigative secrecy in a criminal case is no violation of Article 10 ECHR, ECHR Blog 7 April 2016
European Court upholds criminal conviction for purchasing illegal firearm as a form of ‘check it out’ journalism in Salihu ao v. Sweden, Strasbourg Observers Blog 29 June 2016 (with Daniel SIMONS)
Pihl v. Sweden: non-profit operator of website is not liable for defamatory users’ comments in case of prompt removal upon notice, Strasbourg Observers Blog 20 March 2017
No journalism exception for massive exposure of personal taxation data, Strasbourg Observers 7 July 2017
Robust protection of journalistic sources remains a basic condition for press freedom,
Strasbourg Observers Blog 10 October 2017
The rights of journalistic newsgathering during demonstrations, Strasbourg Observers Blog, 6 March 2018 (with Daniel SIMONS)
Conviction for performance-art protest at war memorial did not violate Article 10
Strasbourg Observers Blog, 19 March 2018 (with Ronan Ó FATHAIGH)