Document Type : Review Article

Authors

1 Assistant Professor of Public Law, Allameh Tabatabai University, Tehran, Iran.

2 PhD Student in Public Law, Allameh Tabatabai University, Tehran, Iran.

Abstract

The concept of right is a meaningful, logical and justifiable claim in the realm of man and obtained in the direction of his dignity and honor. This concept, like a sword in the bottom of a drunken bell, is the basis for the dialectic of rebirth and backwardness in modern and classical thought. Catholic political theology, meanwhile, has a concept of right, contrary to the established dogmatic theory of riot and special burden on believers. The leading essay, based on library studies and descriptive-analytical approach, is written in order to achieve the form of right in Catholic political theology and its comparative measurement with the modern concept of right (the main issue of the research). This notion of right, although considered evil in some readings, is, in contrast, in addition to historical factors and environmental contexts, an epistemological ground for the development of the modern concept of right and, at other times, a catalyst for the acceptance and development of the concept of Modern right.

Keywords

  1. A) Books & Articles

     

    1. Abu Zayd, Nasr Hamed (1994). “The Intellectual Polarization between Modern Islam and the Modern Age”, Beirut Al-Tariq Magazine, first volume. [In Arabic]
    2. Amin Al-Alam, Mahmoud (1981). “The Concept of Time in the Arab-Islamic Thought, Ancient and Modern”, in Studies in Islam, Ch II, Beirut: Dar al-Farabi. [In Arabic]
    3. Aquinas, Tomas (1982). On Kingship, Translated by Greald phelan, Torento: Portifical Institute of Medieval Studies.
    4. Aristotle (1992). Metaphysics, Ch III, Tehran: Wisdom. [In Persian]
    5. Arrington, Robert (1998). Western Ethics, United Kingdom: Blackwell.
    6. Barbour, Ian (1983). Science and Religion, translated by Baha'uddin Khorramshahi, Ch. II, Tehran: Sharif University of Technology. [In Persian]
    7. Bloesch, D (1994). Holy Scripture: Revelation, Inspiration and Interpretation, United Kingdom: The Paternoster Press Carlisle.
    8. Brown, Harold (1995). “Rationality” in the Cambridge Dictionary of Philosophy, ed. by Robert Audi, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    9. Cassirer, Ernst (2016). The Philosophy of Enlightenment, translated by Moghan, Ch IV, Tehran: Niloufar Publications. [In Persian]
    10. Copplestone, Frederick (1989). History of Western Philosophy, translated by Seyed Jalaluddin Mojtaba, Tehran: Soroush. [In Persian]
    11. Coutu, M. (1995). Max Weber et les rationalites du droit (Oaris/Que?bec, L.G.D.J./Les Oresses de I'Ubiversite Laval.
    12. Del Vecchio, George (1957). History of Philosophy of Law, translated by Javad Vahedi, Bi Cha, Tehran: Neil. [In Persian]
    13. Donnelly, Jack (1989). Universal Human Rights in Theory and Practice, London: Cornel University Press.
    14. Elmi, Mohammad Kazem (2006). “Modern Hermeneutics and the Reasons for the Possibility of Understanding the Text better than Maten”, Journal of Islamic Studies, Vol. 13, No. 71, pp. 89-110. [In Persian]
    15. Friedmann, W (1965). Théorie générale du droit, 4e édition, Paris: L. G. D. J.
    16. Ghorbani, Ghodratullah (2013). “Analysis of the Rational Features of Cosmological Argument”, Essays on the Philosophy of Religion, Volume 5, pp. 60-78. [In Persian]
    17. Haghani, Mohammad (2013). The Infallibility of the Bible from the Perspective of Christians, Vol. I, Qom: University of Religions. [In Persian]
    18. Hare, R (1965). Freedom and Reason, New York: Oxford University Press.
    19. Hegel (1990). The Establishment of Sharia in the Religion of Christ, translated by Baqer Parham, II, Tehran: Agah. [In Persian]
    20. Held, David (1992). The Development of Modern State, Cambridge: Polity.
    21. Held, David (2007). Understanding Modern Society: the Formation of the Modern State, translated by Abbas Mokhber, Ch II, Tehran: Agah. [In Persian]
    22. Hick, John (1993). “Multiplicity of Religions”, translated by Baha'uddin Khorramshahi, Kian, Volume 6, Number 16, pp. 23-40. [In Persian]
    23. Hick, John (1997). The Myth of Incarnate, translated by Abdolrahim Soleimani and Mohammad Hassan Mohammadi, Vol. I, Qom: University of Religions. [In Persian]
    24. Kant, Emmanuel (2014). Philosophy of Law, translated by Manouchehr Sanei, Ch. IV, Tehran: Naghsh-o-Negar. [In Persian]
    25. Lenghausen, Mohammad (1994). “Islam and Western Theories”, Knowledge, Vol. 3, No. 12, pp. 2-8. [In Persian]
    26. Lisska, Anthony (2013). “Human Rights Theory Rooted in the Writings of Thomas Aquinas”, Diametros, Vol. 38, pp. 133-151.
    27. Loughlin, martinm (2017). Political Jurisprudence, New York: Oxford University Press.
    28. Louis, Roux, “Hobbes et la loi: presentatio”, In. Le pouvoir et le droit, Textes réunis par Louis Roux et François Tricaud, Publications de l’université de Saint-Etienne.
    29. Maritian, Jacques (1971). The Rights of Man and Natural Law, New York: Gordian Press.
    30. Markus, R (2007). Saeculum: History and Society In the Theology of ST. Augustine, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    31. McLellanDavid (2007). Political Christianity, translated by Reza Nazar Ahari, Ch III, Tehran: Contemporary View. [In Persian]
    32. Norouzi, Noor Mohammad (2003). The Evolution of Foreign Policy Discourse and the Scanning of Foreign Policy Behavior Pattern, Supervisor: Hadi Samati, PhD Thesis, University of Tehran. [In Persian]
    33. Raymond, Birn (1994). Religious Toleration and Freedom of Expression, in Dale Van Kley, The French Idea of Freedom: The Old Regime and the Declaration of the Rights of 1789, Stanford: Stanford University Press.
    34. Redhead, Brian (1993). Political Thought from Plato to NATO, translated by: Palace and Officer, Vol. I, Tehran: Agah. [In Persian]
    35. Schechter, Ronald (2003). Obstinate Hebrews: Representations of Jews in France, Berkeley: University of California Press.
    36. Simmons, Alan (2012). The Lockean Theory of Rights, NJ: Princeton University Press.
    37. Steven, B. Smith (2012). Political Philosophy, NY: Yale University Press.
    38. Tohid Pham, Mohammad (2002). Government and Democracy in the Age of Globalization, Ch II, Tehran: Rozaneh. [In Persian]
    39. Tranoi, Knut (1998). Thomas Aquinas, translated by Khashayar Deihimi, Ch II, Tehran: Kuchak. [In Persian]
    40. Tuck, Richard (1979). Natural Rights Theories: Their Origin and Development, Cambridge: Cup.
    41. Van Duffel, Seigfried (2009). From Objective Right to Subjective Rights, Singapore: National University of Singapore.
    42. Viroli, Maurizio (1992). From Politic to Reason of State, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    43. Watling, Tony (2009). Ecological Imaginations in the World Religions, London/New York: Continuum International Publishing.

    B) Websites

    1. Pennington, Kenneth the History of Rights in Western Thaught, at: www. Maxwell. Syr, eu.maxpages/classes/his 381/Tierney. Htm
CAPTCHA Image