Document Type : Research Article

Author

Associated Professor, Department of Political Science, Mofid University, Qom, Iran.

Abstract

The recognition of human rights and the formation of international human rights in the twentieth century brought about a fundamental change in the sovereignty and powers of governments and made the adherence of them to human rights as an important criterion for assessing their governance.While the Treaty of Westphalia in 1648 recognized the nation-state as the main political entity enjoyed absolute internal sovereignty, the UN General Assembly by adopting the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in 1948, and recognizing the rights of individuals , limited the sovereignty and committed it to human rights.One of the most important issues in the field of human rights studies, is the obligations and responsibilities of states in this regard.The concept, nature, and types of obligations and responsibilities that the state has towards human rights are the subject of this article. Examining and analyzing the basic concepts and also asks related questions this article try to examine the various dimensions of this issue from different perspectives.

Keywords

Baderin, Mashood A. & Manisuli Ssenyonjo (2010). International Human Rights Law_ Six Decades after the UDHR and Beyond-Ashgate, London: Routledge.
Brownlee, Ian (2017). Principles of Public International Law, Eighth Edition: James Crawford, translated by Mohammad Habibi Majandeh, Qom: Mofid University Press. [In Persian]
Creon, Matthew C. R (2008). A Perspective on the Development of the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, translated by Mohammad Habibi Majandeh, Qom: Mofid University Press. [In Persian]
Ghorbannia, Nasser (2008). Human Rights and Humanitarian Rights, Tehran: Institute of Islamic Culture and Thought. [In Persian]
Macklem, Patrick (2015). The Sovereignty of Human Rights, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Mills, Kurt & David Jason Karp (edit) (2015). Human Rights Protection in Global Politics Responsibilities of States and Non-State Actors, London: Palgrave Macmillan.
Mirmousavi, Seyed Ali and Seyed Sadegh Haghighat (2002). Fundamentals of Human Rights from the Perspective of Islam and Other Schools, Tehran: Research Institute of Islamic Culture and Thought. [In Persian]
Nowak, Manfred (2005). UN Covenant on Civil and Political Rights CCPR Commentary 2nd revised edition, Washington: N.P.Engle Publisher.
Qari Seyed Fatemi, Seyed Mohammad (2009). Human Rights in the Contemporary World, Vol. 1, Second Edition, Tehran: Institute of Legal Studies and Research. [In Persian]
CAPTCHA Image