Unilateral US sanctions against Iran aimed at changing the behavior or change of the political system of the Islamic Republic of Iran have directly and indirectly led to the violation of Iranian human rights, and in particular to the challenge of economic rights. It does. The present descriptive-analytical study seeks to answer the question of on what grounds the US government can be committed to respecting the human rights of Iranians in the face of unilateral sanctions. It is necessary to prove this commitment because the international responsibility of the state depends on conditions such as proving the existence of the obligation and then violating it. The findings show that in the case of Iranians living in Iran, these commitments are extraterrestrial in nature and in particular involve a breach of commitment to respect and international cooperation. In the case of Iranians residing in the United States, the US government is committed to respecting and respecting these rights in its territory, and in relation to Iranians residing in third countries, there is a mix of US extraterritorial commitments and territorial commitments.